Government Resolution 922 and the Five-Year Economic Plan that operated from 2016-2021 constitute a significant milestone in the advancement of Arab society in Israel. The plan was budgeted at approximately 13 billion shekels, with the budget utilization standing at around 9 billion shekels (70% of the allocation). Most of the funds were allocated to education, infrastructure, and construction. The achievements of the plan were evident in reducing disparities, especially in education and transportation. Alongside these achievements, the implementation of the plan faced obstacles and difficulties, primarily at the local authority level. The main barrier was the lack of regulated land for the development of Arab communities, which constituted a significant bottleneck for the construction of infrastructure and public institutions. Another difficulty was the requirement for local authorities to participate in funding, due to their deficits and the low socio-economic status of their residents. The plan emphasized the importance of continuing to promote planning processes tailored to the unique needs of Arab authorities, increasing the local authorities' ability to utilize resources, and improving the mechanisms for cooperation between the authorities and government ministries. Maintaining the achievements of the five-year plan and learning lessons are essential for integrating Arab society into the Israeli economy and its growth.

For a PDF of the full article